Department of Cultural Studies
Cultural Studies is a modern discipline integrating and synthetizing the knowledge about culture, human being and society.
The study of Cultural Studies is established on the wide disciplinary basis and a possibility of individual profiling of students. The students receive knowledge from the history and trends of Cultural Studies, cultural and social anthropology, sociology, philosophy of culture, art history, aesthetics, cultural economics, management and marketing of culture, law and legislation in culture.
The field of Cultural Studies was being formed since after the change of political and social situation in 1989. However, since 1975 it has been established as the Department of Theory of Culture, a part of the Department of Aesthetics and Art Science as the Department of Theory of culture. It was devoted to the preparation of professionals in the culture area. Its staff was then searching the name for a new scientific department and later for a new discipline, when they got inspired by the UNESCO register of scientific disciplines. They decided to change the name to Cultural Studies. In 1995, a separate Department of Cultural Studies was established.
In the following period, other partner departments from Slovak universities have shaped their programs according to our model and in cooperation with our staff.
“Culture is the whole of creation, diffusion and consumption of products of creative human mind in the sphere of arts and knowledge.“ (Viera Gažová, Introduction to Culturology)
Culture is a universal human phenomenon, a specific human activity, which is not inherent for other biological forms of life. Culture from the universal perspective is therefore the most important character by which a human differs from other animals.
We can see culture as a particular way of life of different groups of people. Individual local cultures are unique and unrepeatable configurations of artefacts, social and cultural regulations, ideas, symbolic systems and cultural institutions which are typical for some societies or social groups. In this view, the ideas of multiplicity of culture – cultural pluralism – as well as the need for communication of cultures are highlighted.
Culture should be considered as the set of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features of society or a social group, and that it encompasses, in addition to art and literature, lifestyles, ways of living together, value systems, traditions and beliefs. (UNESCO)
Cultural Studies focus primarily on the study of culture. Culture is a complex, creative, dynamic and constantly changing process. Therefore, the object of study is difficult to be summarized in one word or sentence. In culture, new features and trends in the form of discoveries, innovations, inventions, or "cultural borrowing” are constantly evolving.
„Culture is what makes possible, at a high level, the rich social life that constitutes a people, their customs, styles, tastes, festivals, rituals, gods – all that binds individuals into a group with roots. A culture is a work of art, of which the fine arts are the sublime expression." (Allan Bloom: The Closing of the American Mind)
Department of Culturology graduates are prepared so that they are able to see the potential in innovation, but also to appreciate and protect all that is part of the tradition and heritage.